Posts Tagged ‘Diabetes’

Pre Diabetes Symptoms

Often, people who suffer from pre diabetes have few noticeable diabetes symptoms

One of the few physical signs that suggest a person is at risk for diabetes are darkened skin affecting one’s knees, elbows, armpits, neck or knuckles.  This condition is known as acanthosis nigricans.

There are also some classic red flags for which one should be cautious including:Pre diabetes Symptom in Family

 

Blurred vision

Fatigue

Increased thirst

Frequent urination

 

When Should a Person See His Doctor?

 

Individuals concerned about diabetes or who notice any of the signs of type 2 diabetes or symptoms, including, blurred vision, fatigue, increased thirst or frequent urination should consult with their medical care provider.

Individuals should request the doctor provide blood glucose screening if they have any of the following risk factors for pre diabetes. 

Inactive

Overweight, as measured by a BMI or 25 or greater

Over age 45

Family history of the disease

Hispanic, African American, American Indian, Pacific Islander or Asian American

Women who developed gestational diabetes or who birthed a baby weighing more than 9 lbs. (4.1Kg)

Women suffering polycystic ovary syndrome, as characterized by irregular menstruation, excess growth of body hair and obesity.

High bood pressure

HDL cholesterol levels below 35mg/dL and triglyceride level above 250 mg/dL

Regularly sleep less than 6 hours or more than 9 hours each night.

 

Causesinsulin

 

Doctors do not know the exact cause of pre diabetes; however, research has linked some genes to insulin resistance.  In addition, inactivity and excess fat, especially in the abdominal region, seem to be important risk factors.

Individuals with pre diabetes no longer process glucose, a sugar, properly anymore.  As a result, levels build up in the blood stream instead of providing fuel to the cells making up the muscles and other body tissue.

Most of the glucose in the body is from the foods one consumes, especially those containing carbohydrates.  Any food containing carbohydrates affects the blood sugar levels, so sweet foods are not the only problem.

As food is digested, glucose enters the bloodstream.  Insulin helps the cells of the body to absorb the glucose where it is used for energy.

Insulin, a hormone, is created by the pancreas, a gland located in the abdominal cavity behind the stomach.  When a person eats, the gland secretes insulin into the bloodstream.  As the blood circulates, insulin acts as a key, unlocking doors to allow sugar to pass through the cell walls.  Insulin reduces the amount of sugar in the bloodstream, and its secretion lowers as blood sugar levels drop.

In individuals with pre diabetes, the process no longer works properly.  The sugar begins to build up in the bloodstream.  The problem may be related to the pancreas creating less insulin or that the cells have become insulin resistant.  In some cases, it seems as if the locks have been changed to the cells.Diabetes Symptons In Women

 

Risk Factors Pre Diabetes

 

The following risk factors increase the chances of developing this disease:

Excess Body Weight:   The more fatty tissues one has the more resistant to insulin the cells become.

Inactivity:  Individuals who are inactive have a greater risk of pre diabetes.  Activity can help with weight control, use excess glucose and cause the cells to accept insulin.

Age:  As a person grows older, his or her risk of the disease grows higher, especially once reaching age 45.  This may be related to a lack of exercise, loss of muscle mass or weight gain.  However, the condition is also growing in younger age groups.

Family History:  pre diabetes is hereditary.  If a parent, sibling or others in the family history suffers type II diabetes, one’s risk is increased.

Race:  While the reason is unclear, individual of certain races, such as Hispanics, African Americans, Asian Americans, American Indians and Pacific Islanders have a greater chance of developing this condition.

Gestational:  Women who develop gestational diabetes have a higher risk of developing pre diabetes later in life.  In addition, the baby’s birth weight has been tied to the risk of the mom developing pre diabetes or diabetes later in life.

Polycystic ovary syndrome:  Women who suffer this syndrome, a condition that is often characterized by irregular periods, obesity and excess hair growth may be at an increased risk.

Sleep:  Sleeping too short a time or too long a time each night can increase one’s risk of developing insulin resistance.  According to doctors, patients should sleep between 6-9 hours for the lowest chances of developing either pre diabetes or type 2 diabetes

 

In addition, the following conditions are associated with diabetes:

 

Hypertension

Low levels of good cholesterol

High levels of triglycerides

If these three conditions occur together with obesity, they can result in resistance to insulin, known as metabolic syndrome.  If possible the individual should change his or her diet to lower body weight and reduce intake of unhealthy fats while increasing the healthy ones in order to lose weight and reduce risk factors.

 

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How the Blood Sugar Affects the Body

Diabetes mellitus is a type of condition that leads to the persistent elevation of the level of blood sugar. Increased sugar levels in the body can be very dangerous since it can lead to several health problems that are linked with diabetes. To learn more about the effects and causes of blood sugar elevation, read on.

 

Understanding Insulin Reactions and Diabetic Shock

 

Diabetic shock can also be considered as severe hypoglycemia. This problem is a serious health risk that is common in people with diabetes. This condition is also known as insulin reaction since it is a result of too much insulin in the body. Diabetic shock also occurs whenever there is an imbalance between the insulin level in the body and the amount of food the person eats. Aside from this, severe hypoglycemia can also happen without any warning. This is due to the fact that the symptoms of diabetic shock are very mild at first, which makes it difficult for the person to detect or notice.health event _diabetes-blood-sugar-test

 

Learning More about Diabetes and the Normal Blood Glucose Level in the Body

Nowadays, doctors would diagnosis prediabetes and diabetes based on the arbitrary cut off point of the normal level of blood sugar. The standard normal blood sugar level should be less than 100 mg/dL. However, this rate varies depending on the instrument used in getting the results. Some also consider 60 as the normal, while others use 90. Nevertheless, anything that is less than 100 mg/dL is recognized as normal if the person is fasting.

 

******************Low sugar level also varies depending on several factors. Normally, people’s blood sugar leve does not go below 60 mg/dL even if he or she is fasting. This is caused by the liver, which turns fat and muscle into sugar in order to compensate for the low glucose intake of the body. This makes it difficult to drop the sugar levels to the unsafe point without using any diabetes drug or experiencing any uncommon medical problems.

 

More Facts about Glucose Levels and Diabetes

Sugar levels that are higher than the normal rate can be considered an indication for diabetes or prediabetes. There are actually several ways in order to diagnose or determine diabetes. Here are some of the examples.

 

• Fasting Plasma Glucose Test — Diabetes can be identified using the Fasting Plasma Glucose Test. When the blood sugar level of a person is higher than 126 mg/dL even after fasting for 8 hours, the person may be considered diabetic.

Oral Glucose Tolerance Test — This method involves the provision of a special sugary drink to a person after 8 hours of fasting. If the person has a sugar level of more than 200 mg/dL after drinking the beverage, he or she can be considered Diabetes - insulin shotdiabetic.

• Random Blood Sugar Level — If the person experiences symptoms such as increased urination, weight loss, and thirst, with a blood sugar level or more than 200, he or she is said to be diabetic. However, random blood tests will require fasting sugar level or the oral tolerance test in order to confirm the results.

 

Information about Prediabetes

Diabetes is a very difficult condition to control. Because of this, proper management and diet is necessary in order to retain the blood sugar level within the normal range. There are also instances where in the blood glucose level of the person is above the normal rate, but the full blown symptoms are not manifested. This condition is commonly called as prediabetes.

 

According to the American Diabetes Association, there are more than 79 million Americans who are prediabetic. Prediabetic individuals are most likely 5 to 6 times at risk of developing diabetes in the near future. Aside from this, prediabetes can also increase the risk for cardiovascular disease. With the help of regular diet and exercise, it is easy to prevent prediabetes from turning to diabetes.

 

The Bad Effects of High Blood Sugar Levels

High sugar level in the body can be considered as a slow acting poison. In other words, the hazardous effects of diabetes to health are slow but continuous. Here are some common effects of hyperglycemia in the body.

 

• Hyperglycemia or high sugar levels can prevent the pancreas from making insulin. Whenever the pancreas over compensates for the high blood sugar level in the body, it can get damaged, which can affect the health of the person.

• High sugar levels can cause other diseases such as atherosclerosis. This type of problem is described as the hardening of the blood vessels.

Aside from the blood vessels in the body, high blood sugar can also affect other organs. Some of the complications that can be brought about by diabetes include the following:

 

• Stroke

• Heart Attack

• Erectile Dysfunction

• Immune system suppression and increased risk for infections

• Kidney problems and diseases

• Poor circulation of blood in the lower extremities

• Blindness or poor vision

• Neuropathy or nerve damage

• Poor wound healing that can lead to amputation

 

Keeping the blood sugar level normal is very helpful in preventing the complications of diabetes. It is important that the sugar level in the blood is within 70 to 130 mg/dL before meals and less than 180 mg/dL after eating.

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Diabetes Symptoms In Women

Diabetes is a common health condition among women all around the world and it is extremely essential to be aware of the diabetes symptoms.  Below, you will be given complete information on the causes, symptoms and types of diabetes that affect women. 

 

 Diabetes in Women Increases

International diabetes symbol

International diabetes symbol (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

 Diabetes is essentially a metabolic disorder that occurs as a result of elevated glucose levels in the blood.  Although both women and men can be impacted by diabetes, the diabetes rate in women has considerably increased

in recent years.  Furthermore, studies have indicated that women are at more risk of becoming affected by the causes of diabetes in comparison to men.  Therefore, more focus will be placed on being aware of the symptoms in women.  Medically, this health condition is referred to as diabetes mellitus.

 

 Primarily, diabetes can be categorized into two types; they are Type 1 and Type 2.  Type 1 is also referred to as juvenile diabetes because it is seen commonly in young children, adults and teenagers typically in the age range of 25 to 30 years.  This takes place when the pancreas is incapable of producing insulin, which has the responsibility to transport glucose to the cells of the body.  When the body fails to produce an adequate amount of insulin; the level of glucose in the blood increases.  That increase results in diabetes.  Type 2 diabetes typically occurs in individuals who are middle-aged and older and are afflicted with obesity issues.  Type 2 diabetes typically comes about because of poor eating habits and a sedentary lifestyle. In such a case, insulin is produced by the pancreas; however, the body becomes immune to the insulin.  It is unable to properly use the insulin, resulting in glucose being present in the blood. 

 

 

Gestational diabetes is another type of diabetes which occurs in women.  As suggested by the name, gestational diabetes occurs in pregnant women and it is due to hormonal changes.  Although gestational diabetes goes away after the birth of the baby, women with this type of diabetes are at greater risk of ultimately developing type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Symptons In Women

 

 

Causes of Diabetes

 

 

Typically Type 1 diabetes occurs in individuals with a family history of the disease.  Furthermore, individuals who are afflicted with an irregular immune response are known to have this type of the disease. Type 2 diabetes is where genetics also play a role.  It is extremely common in obese individuals who have an inactive lifestyle and consume an unhealthy diet.  The risks of diabetes are higher in females of particular ethnicity such as Hispanic, American Indian and African-American women.  Women who are afflicted with ovarian cysts or have problems with infertility are at a higher risk of developing the disease later on as well.

 

 Symptoms of Diabetes

 

 Symptom of diabetes in men and women are the same for the most part; however, there are some which take place in women only.  Some of the symptoms of diabetes in females are listed below:

 

One of the common symptoms of Type 1 diabetes in females is unexplained weight loss.  The human body does not have the capacity to use up all of the calories supplied by the food eaten, even if the individual is a healthy eater.  It is extremely important to get yourself checked in the event that you are losing a considerable amount of weight, without dieting and doing much exercise.

 

A symptom that is observed in both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes is the urge to make frequent visits to the bathroom.  For the human body to get rid of the excess sugar, a diabetic feels the urge to urinate quite often.  This takes place within really short time periods and it is medically referred to as Polyuria.

 

In view of the fact that urinating excessively not only gets rid of the surplus of sugar that is found in the body, but large quantities of water as well, the afflicted individual could possibly have dehydration issues.  As a result of this, throughout the day, the woman might experience excessive thirst, which is medically referred to as Polydipsia.

 

Among the typical symptoms of Type 2 diabetes is excessive eating; this is referred to medically as polyphagia. When an individual has developed Type 2 diabetes, the insulin level in the body is extremely high.  Due to the fact that insulin assists in the stimulation of hunger, excessive use of insulin might result in the afflicted individual feeling unnecessarily hungry and ultimately end up eating more than the required amount.

 

The presence of skin infections is another diabetes symptom in women, as well as vaginal yeast infections, in view of the fact that diabetes is a disorder which assists the yeast in growing easily.   In addition, diabetic women may very frequently have urinary tract infections as well.

 

Sexual dysfunction is a commonly observed symptom of diabetes in females as well.  Research has revealed that diabetic women might experience discomfort or pain while participating in sexual intercourse, a reduction in vaginal lubrication and vaginal sensitivity as well as the  inability to reach an orgasm.

 

Diabetes Symptons In Women

In addition to the physical symptoms, a number of psychological symptoms might be noticed in women affected by the disease as well.  They might experience severe agitation and lethargy and from time to time, they might feel irritable without a valid cause.

 

 As it relates to gestational diabetes, there is no overt symptoms that may be observed. However, when an expectant mother has high blood pressure, chances are great that she has gestational diabetes.

 

 Although the majority of women have these symptoms, in a number of cases, individuals afflicted with Type 2 diabetes, will not have any symptoms for years.  Typically, Type 2 diabetes is discovered after severe health problems such as vision problems or heart attacks arise.  As a result, it is essential for  women to get themselves regularly checked for diabetes after age 40.  Detecting these symptoms early will make sure that individuals receive proper treatment in order to control the level of blood sugar and prevent any major complications associated with the disease.

 

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How to Make Your Blood Sugar Chart Work for You

A blood sugar chart is an important tool to help you manage your blood sugar levels. The more thoroughly and precisely you use your blood sugar log, the better you’ll be able to manage your diabetes. Use these tips to make sure your making your blood sugar monitoring work optimally for you.

Know Your Normal Glucose Sugar Level

 

For most diabetics, normal blood sugar is between 70 and 140mg/dL (milligrams per deciliter). But those are extremes that you should avoid. After an examination and blood test, your doctor will give you a more narrow range that you can manage. Write this range in your log so you’ll always know where your blood sugar should lie._blood-sugar cup cake

Once you know your acceptable range, keep close track of your normal glucose sugar level by testing after meals two to four times a day. Never assume your blood sugar levels by high or low glucose sugar symptoms. Test each time using your blood sugar meter. Test at the same time each day whenever possible and record the results in your blood sugar chart immediately so you don’t forget.

 

Supplement Your Blood Sugar Chart

 

A chart that just keeps track of your levels will go far in helping you monitor your control. But it can do much more. When used correctly, it will inform you about how your daily activities affect your blood sugar levels from hour to hour.

A great way to make your chart work hard for you is to keep a supplemental diary. In the diary, keep careful records of your daily activities. Start by writing down what you eat, how much you eat and when you eat it. Don’t forget to include drinks and snacks. Also record your medication and exercise, the time you took it, its quality and duration.

Whenever your blood sugar levels are outside their range or different from the usual, refer to your supplemental diary. Then in the notes section of your blood sugar chart, write down any unusual activity that might have affected the strange levels. If nothing was out of the ordinary, note that too. The notes may help you and your doctor come up with a solution at your next appointment.

 

Get Your A1C Level Checked

 

An A1C (sometimes refered to as Hemoglobin A1c) test measures the amount of glucose that sticks to your red blood cells. This glucose count gives physicians a good idea of your average blood sugar levels during the life of the red blood cells. Since blood cells have a lifespan of roughly 3 to 4 months, newly diagnosed diabetics should have an A1C test once every three months.

High blood sugar

High blood sugar

Your blood sugar chart and your A1C test will give your doctor a complete picture of how your blood sugar management is going. Your careful notation of your lifestyle habits in your blood sugar log will help the doctor recommend certain non-invasive lifestyle changes. These changes in conjunction with continued monitoring will help you better manage your blood sugar and prevent the diabetes related diseases that often result from unstable levels.

Once repeated A1C tests show that your blood sugar levels
are acceptable and stable, you won’t have to go for A1C tests as often. Stable diabetics may only have to have their levels tested once or twice per year to make sure that they are still on track. This reduction in testing is one of the best signs that your chart is working optimally to prolong your life and increase its quality.

A chart can be your best and most useful tool in the fight against the ravages of diabetes. But only if you use it correctly to thoroughly record and investigate the nature of your blood sugar levels. Commit to your blood sugar chart and your health and you’ll live a longer, healthier life.

 

The Importance of Blood Sugar Test Logs

After your diagnosis, one of the first things your doctor will recommend is a blood sugar log. If used correctly, this log will be one of the most important keys to your continued health. To make sure you’re using your log to its potential, first familiarize yourself with its uses and your particular needs.

 

Why You Need a Blood Sugar LogBlood sugar log

 

Diabetes is a manageable disease — if managed well. A blood sugar log helps patients do just that. When used in conjunction with insulin, a blood sugar test log adds another dimension to your monitoring efforts. It’s a physical account that you can frequently go back to tweak and adjust your habits to suit your needs.

Your blood sugar isn’t just affected by the food you eat. Exercise, medication and other activities also affect blood sugar levels. That’s a lot to keep track of. Putting it in a blood sugar test log makes all the different aspects of your lifestyle much more manageable.

Diabetics who know exactly how their lifestyle and choices affect their blood sugar can make moment to moment decisions concerning their levels. This up to the minute monitoring is the key to diabetes management. By avoiding unnecessary swings in blood sugar levels, you can also avoid or delay diabetes related diseases like eye disease, kidney problems and neuropathy.

 

Your Normal Blood Sugar Level: How to Monitor It

 

Everyone’s diabetes is different. Patients should start their diabetes management program by asking their health care providers to recommend a blood sugar range that is suitable for them. Once you have an acceptable range in mind, it’s time to start testing.

Blood sugar must be monitored frequently to prevent and predict highs and lows. Most diabetics must test two to four times daily or the number of times recommended by their doctors. Testing is done with a diabetic testing kit.

In addition to recording blood sugar readings, diabetics should also record their activities. Keep track of the dosage and frequency of the medication you take, the amount and nature of what you eat and drink and any exercise you take. Times are also important for record taking. Get in the habit of watching the clock when you eat, exercise and take your medication.

A normal blood sugar level for most people is between 70 and 140 mg/dL (milligrams per deciliter). If your blood sugar levels are abnormally high or low or you experience unexplainable high or low blood sugar symptoms, use the comments section of your blood sugar log to record any abnormal activities. Did you eat later than usual? Was your exercise particularly long? Did you forget to take your medication? Comparing abnormal highs and lows will help you eliminate and rectify changes.

 

Recording in Your Blood Sugar Test Logblood sugar test log

 

The first thing you should write in your blood sugar log is the blood sugar range goal you discussed with your physician. Once you start testing your blood sugar, write down each blood sugar reading and the date and time you took it. Try to test your blood sugar at the same times every day. This consistency will help you more easily notice patterns.

Every three months, take your log to your doctor and have an A1C level test performed. This test monitors how much glucose adheres to your red blood cells which replenish themselves every 3 to 4 months.

By monitoring your average blood glucose levels, your physician will determine and evaluate your blood sugar control for the past four months. Depending on your levels and the information in your log book, your physician may make recommendations or even change your medication.

Once your blood sugar levels are static — with the help of your log, you don’t have to have A1C tests as frequently. Most doctors will recommend visits only twice annually. This is a good sign that you’ve used your resources and your log book to manage your blood sugar to the best of your ability.

Monitoring your blood sugar levels is the key to staying healthy. Diabetics with the best prognosis are those who are active about their control. With the help of a blood sugar log and a physician, you’ll live a longer and healthier life.

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