Posts Tagged ‘Insulin’

Pre Diabetes Symptoms

Often, people who suffer from pre diabetes have few noticeable diabetes symptoms

One of the few physical signs that suggest a person is at risk for diabetes are darkened skin affecting one’s knees, elbows, armpits, neck or knuckles.  This condition is known as acanthosis nigricans.

There are also some classic red flags for which one should be cautious including:Pre diabetes Symptom in Family


Blurred vision


Increased thirst

Frequent urination


When Should a Person See His Doctor?


Individuals concerned about diabetes or who notice any of the signs of type 2 diabetes or symptoms, including, blurred vision, fatigue, increased thirst or frequent urination should consult with their medical care provider.

Individuals should request the doctor provide blood glucose screening if they have any of the following risk factors for pre diabetes. 


Overweight, as measured by a BMI or 25 or greater

Over age 45

Family history of the disease

Hispanic, African American, American Indian, Pacific Islander or Asian American

Women who developed gestational diabetes or who birthed a baby weighing more than 9 lbs. (4.1Kg)

Women suffering polycystic ovary syndrome, as characterized by irregular menstruation, excess growth of body hair and obesity.

High bood pressure

HDL cholesterol levels below 35mg/dL and triglyceride level above 250 mg/dL

Regularly sleep less than 6 hours or more than 9 hours each night.




Doctors do not know the exact cause of pre diabetes; however, research has linked some genes to insulin resistance.  In addition, inactivity and excess fat, especially in the abdominal region, seem to be important risk factors.

Individuals with pre diabetes no longer process glucose, a sugar, properly anymore.  As a result, levels build up in the blood stream instead of providing fuel to the cells making up the muscles and other body tissue.

Most of the glucose in the body is from the foods one consumes, especially those containing carbohydrates.  Any food containing carbohydrates affects the blood sugar levels, so sweet foods are not the only problem.

As food is digested, glucose enters the bloodstream.  Insulin helps the cells of the body to absorb the glucose where it is used for energy.

Insulin, a hormone, is created by the pancreas, a gland located in the abdominal cavity behind the stomach.  When a person eats, the gland secretes insulin into the bloodstream.  As the blood circulates, insulin acts as a key, unlocking doors to allow sugar to pass through the cell walls.  Insulin reduces the amount of sugar in the bloodstream, and its secretion lowers as blood sugar levels drop.

In individuals with pre diabetes, the process no longer works properly.  The sugar begins to build up in the bloodstream.  The problem may be related to the pancreas creating less insulin or that the cells have become insulin resistant.  In some cases, it seems as if the locks have been changed to the cells.Diabetes Symptons In Women


Risk Factors Pre Diabetes


The following risk factors increase the chances of developing this disease:

Excess Body Weight:   The more fatty tissues one has the more resistant to insulin the cells become.

Inactivity:  Individuals who are inactive have a greater risk of pre diabetes.  Activity can help with weight control, use excess glucose and cause the cells to accept insulin.

Age:  As a person grows older, his or her risk of the disease grows higher, especially once reaching age 45.  This may be related to a lack of exercise, loss of muscle mass or weight gain.  However, the condition is also growing in younger age groups.

Family History:  pre diabetes is hereditary.  If a parent, sibling or others in the family history suffers type II diabetes, one’s risk is increased.

Race:  While the reason is unclear, individual of certain races, such as Hispanics, African Americans, Asian Americans, American Indians and Pacific Islanders have a greater chance of developing this condition.

Gestational:  Women who develop gestational diabetes have a higher risk of developing pre diabetes later in life.  In addition, the baby’s birth weight has been tied to the risk of the mom developing pre diabetes or diabetes later in life.

Polycystic ovary syndrome:  Women who suffer this syndrome, a condition that is often characterized by irregular periods, obesity and excess hair growth may be at an increased risk.

Sleep:  Sleeping too short a time or too long a time each night can increase one’s risk of developing insulin resistance.  According to doctors, patients should sleep between 6-9 hours for the lowest chances of developing either pre diabetes or type 2 diabetes


In addition, the following conditions are associated with diabetes:



Low levels of good cholesterol

High levels of triglycerides

If these three conditions occur together with obesity, they can result in resistance to insulin, known as metabolic syndrome.  If possible the individual should change his or her diet to lower body weight and reduce intake of unhealthy fats while increasing the healthy ones in order to lose weight and reduce risk factors.


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Diabetes Symptoms in Men



Formerly known as adult-onset diabetes or non-insulin dependant diabetes, type 2 diabetes is the most common form of this diseases, and affects between 90% and 95% of the estimated 13 million males who suffer from diabetes.


Individuals with type 1 diabetes do not produce insulin.  Those with type 2 diabetes do produce insulin, but the pancreas does not secrete enough of this chemical or their bodies are unable to recognize and utilize the insulin that is produced, in a condition known as insulin resistance.  Whether the diabetes symptoms in men are from insulin levels that are low or not being used properly, it is not possible for glucose, a form of sugar, to provide the energy needed to fuel the cells.  As a result, sugar levels in the blood increase but the cells do not function correctly.  The increased levels of glucose in the blood lead to various symptoms.


Who Is Affected?


Anyone can be affected by this disease.  However, those who are obese or overweight, women who suffered gestational diabetes while pregnant, individuals with a family history of the disease and individuals with metabolic syndrome, which includes several problems such as high overall cholesterol, low HDL levels, high triglycerides, high LDL levels and higher than normal blood pressure.  Additionally, the body becomes more susceptible to developing the disease as the body ages and becomes less tolerant of sugars.


What Causes this Condition?


While much more common than juvenile onset diabetes, this form, type 2 diabetes, is less well understood.  In all likelihood, multiple factors lead to the condition instead of a single problem.


Type II diabetes sometimes runs in families; however, research has not yet shown how it is inherited nor is there a single genetic factor known to cause the disease.


Diabetes Symptoms in MenDiabetes Symptoms in Men

Symptoms of individuals with this condition vary from one person to another but often include”


• Blurred vision.

• Increased thirst.

• Dry mouth.

• Fatigue

• Frequent urination.

• Increased hunger (often worse after meals).

• Nausea

• Occasionally vomiting.

• Frequent infections affecting the urinary tract or skin.

• Tingling or numbness of the feet or hands.


In rare instances, the individual is diagnosed with the condition after entering the medical facility after falling into a coma.




When health professionals suspect this condition, they begin with a check for high blood sugar levels or other abnormalities in the blood.  They might also test for sugar or other markers in the urine.Diabetes Symptoms in Men


The doctor may use a casual plasma test or a fasting plasma glucose test to diagnose this diabetes


Diabetes Complications


When the condition is not well controlled it can lead to serious or even life threatening complications for the sufferer.  These sympyoms include:


• Retinopathy. This is an abnormality of the eyes related to the development of diabetes.  Even though an individual has no vision problems when initially found to have the condition, many develop problems related to the eyes over time.  To prevent progression of vision problems, one should take steps to control blood sugars, hypertension and cholesterol.  Fortunately, most people do not have significant vision loss.

• Kidney damage. The risk of developing kidney disease also increases over time.  This means the longer one has diabetes, the greater his or her risk for the disease.  Kidney damage can cause significant other serious illnesses, including kidney failure or heart disease.

• Nerve damage and poor blood circulation. The damage to one’s nerves and hardening of the individual’s arteries can decrease feeling and blood circulation to the feet.  This leads to greater risk of infections and ulcers which often heal poorly.  These ulcers raise the risk of the need for amputation.  Damaged nerves can also lead to problems with the digestive system, including vomiting, nausea or diarrhea that can also lead to more serious conditions.


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How the Blood Sugar Affects the Body

Diabetes mellitus is a type of condition that leads to the persistent elevation of the level of blood sugar. Increased sugar levels in the body can be very dangerous since it can lead to several health problems that are linked with diabetes. To learn more about the effects and causes of blood sugar elevation, read on.


Understanding Insulin Reactions and Diabetic Shock


Diabetic shock can also be considered as severe hypoglycemia. This problem is a serious health risk that is common in people with diabetes. This condition is also known as insulin reaction since it is a result of too much insulin in the body. Diabetic shock also occurs whenever there is an imbalance between the insulin level in the body and the amount of food the person eats. Aside from this, severe hypoglycemia can also happen without any warning. This is due to the fact that the symptoms of diabetic shock are very mild at first, which makes it difficult for the person to detect or event _diabetes-blood-sugar-test


Learning More about Diabetes and the Normal Blood Glucose Level in the Body

Nowadays, doctors would diagnosis prediabetes and diabetes based on the arbitrary cut off point of the normal level of blood sugar. The standard normal blood sugar level should be less than 100 mg/dL. However, this rate varies depending on the instrument used in getting the results. Some also consider 60 as the normal, while others use 90. Nevertheless, anything that is less than 100 mg/dL is recognized as normal if the person is fasting.


******************Low sugar level also varies depending on several factors. Normally, people’s blood sugar leve does not go below 60 mg/dL even if he or she is fasting. This is caused by the liver, which turns fat and muscle into sugar in order to compensate for the low glucose intake of the body. This makes it difficult to drop the sugar levels to the unsafe point without using any diabetes drug or experiencing any uncommon medical problems.


More Facts about Glucose Levels and Diabetes

Sugar levels that are higher than the normal rate can be considered an indication for diabetes or prediabetes. There are actually several ways in order to diagnose or determine diabetes. Here are some of the examples.


• Fasting Plasma Glucose Test — Diabetes can be identified using the Fasting Plasma Glucose Test. When the blood sugar level of a person is higher than 126 mg/dL even after fasting for 8 hours, the person may be considered diabetic.

Oral Glucose Tolerance Test — This method involves the provision of a special sugary drink to a person after 8 hours of fasting. If the person has a sugar level of more than 200 mg/dL after drinking the beverage, he or she can be considered Diabetes - insulin shotdiabetic.

• Random Blood Sugar Level — If the person experiences symptoms such as increased urination, weight loss, and thirst, with a blood sugar level or more than 200, he or she is said to be diabetic. However, random blood tests will require fasting sugar level or the oral tolerance test in order to confirm the results.


Information about Prediabetes

Diabetes is a very difficult condition to control. Because of this, proper management and diet is necessary in order to retain the blood sugar level within the normal range. There are also instances where in the blood glucose level of the person is above the normal rate, but the full blown symptoms are not manifested. This condition is commonly called as prediabetes.


According to the American Diabetes Association, there are more than 79 million Americans who are prediabetic. Prediabetic individuals are most likely 5 to 6 times at risk of developing diabetes in the near future. Aside from this, prediabetes can also increase the risk for cardiovascular disease. With the help of regular diet and exercise, it is easy to prevent prediabetes from turning to diabetes.


The Bad Effects of High Blood Sugar Levels

High sugar level in the body can be considered as a slow acting poison. In other words, the hazardous effects of diabetes to health are slow but continuous. Here are some common effects of hyperglycemia in the body.


• Hyperglycemia or high sugar levels can prevent the pancreas from making insulin. Whenever the pancreas over compensates for the high blood sugar level in the body, it can get damaged, which can affect the health of the person.

• High sugar levels can cause other diseases such as atherosclerosis. This type of problem is described as the hardening of the blood vessels.

Aside from the blood vessels in the body, high blood sugar can also affect other organs. Some of the complications that can be brought about by diabetes include the following:


• Stroke

• Heart Attack

• Erectile Dysfunction

• Immune system suppression and increased risk for infections

• Kidney problems and diseases

• Poor circulation of blood in the lower extremities

• Blindness or poor vision

• Neuropathy or nerve damage

• Poor wound healing that can lead to amputation


Keeping the blood sugar level normal is very helpful in preventing the complications of diabetes. It is important that the sugar level in the blood is within 70 to 130 mg/dL before meals and less than 180 mg/dL after eating.

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Is Brittle Diabetes The Most Dangerous?

Brittle Diabetes is a volatile form of type 1 diabetes mellitus. Unstable blood sugar levels cause sufferers a host of physical problems which eventually lead to a shortened lifespan. And although only 1 to 2 percent of type 1 diabetics suffer from this extreme form of the disease, it is considered the most dangerous forms of diabetes known today.




Brittle Diabetes, also known as labile or volatile diabetes, is a form of Type 1 diabetes mellitus defined by blood sugar instability. Many diabetics experience occasional blood sugar instability even when taking insulin or other diabetes Brittle Diabetesmedications. However, these diabetics experience wide and unpredictable swings in blood sugar that may not respond to traditional treatment.




The root cause for all Brittle Diabetes is low insulin levels. However, the cause for these low insulin levels varies from person to person. If you suffer from this type of diabetes, you may suffer from other related disorders like:


  • Autonomic neuropathy: This is one of the most common causes of this dangerous type of diabetes. As nerves die in the digestive track — a consequence of type 1 diabetes — the bowels function more slower than usual. Consequently, insulin is absorbed more slowly and fails to control the body’s blood sugar levels.


  • Poor insulin absorption: Diabetics with poor insulin absorption have trouble producing insulin and just as much trouble absorbing supplemental insulin. This means that even with medication their body cannot internalize enough insulin to regulate their blood sugar.


  • Drug interaction: Some drugs like alcohol and anti-psychotics can interfere with insulin or other diabetes medications. That interference nullifies the effect of medication and leads to unstable blood sugar levels.


  • Other medical problems: There are a number of medical problems that can result in unstable diabetes. Addison’s disease, poor thyroid or adrenal function and other disorders can affect blood sugar levels or the body’s receptiveness to insulin.


Labile diabetes can have a number of underlying causes. Many of those causes are treatable. If you suspect that you have unstable diabetes, it is important to talk to your physician. The sooner you seek treatment, the more quickly you can find a brittle diabetes management program to reduce its effect on your life.




Labile diabetes is defined by its profound effects. The swings in blood sugar that these diabetics experience significantly shorten their lifespan. These are a few of the brittle diabetes symptoms that negatively affect unstable diabetics:


  • Kidney damage: The wide swings in blood pressure that brittle diabetics suffer wreak havoc on the small blood vessels. One consequence of this neuropaty is kidney damage and scarring. Over time, as the blood sugar swings continue to destroy the body, the kidneys may stop functioning altogether. In these cases, diabetics must undergo dialysis several times a week to stay alive.


  • Diabetic retinopathy: Small blood vessel damage also effects the eyes. Over time, sufferers gradually lose their vision. Diabetics may even go blind if they cannot get their blood pressure under control.


  • Amputation: Neuropathy also affects the extremities. As the blood sugar fluctuations cause the nerves to die, diabetics feel numbness or tingling in the feet as the skin gets damaged. As the disease progresses, they may develop foot
    Ulcus bei Diabetes mellitus

    Ulcus bei Diabetes mellitus (Photo credit: rosmary)

    ulcers and other foot problems and may have to have their toes, feet or legs amputated.


  • Depression: One of the most insidious effects of brittle diabetes is its impact on your personal life. These diabetics often spend a considerable amount of time in the hospital because of their fluctuating blood sugar levels. The resulting bills, acknowledgment of shortened life expectancy and other concerns often have a profound effect on the psyche.


This type of diabetes is one of the most dangerous forms of an already dangerous disease. Because blood sugar levels remain unregulated, manageable diabetic symptoms quickly get out of control. If you think you might suffer from Brittle Diabetes, contact your physician immediately to see if you can find a cure.



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The Danger Of Diabetic Shock

One of the most important things diabetics must learn about their disease is the danger of diabetic shock. Sufferers of diabetes 1 and 2 know all-to-well the dangers of excess sugar, but dangerously low levels of blood sugar can affect diabetics just as profoundly. One of those profound effects of low blood sugar is diabetic or insulin shock. If left unrecognized or untreated, its symptoms are severe and may even lead to death.

Diabetic Shock: What Causes It?

Insulin shock is the direct result of low blood sugar levels (hypoglycemia) in diabetics — especially those who are receiving treatment with insulin or other diabetes medication. Low blood sugar for a diabetic is anything below 70 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) as red on a blood sugar meter. When blood sugar levels are this low, the body starts to show signs of distress.

In diabetics, there can be many reasons why their blood sugar may drop low enough to cause insulin shock. The most common cause of these blood sugar dips is skipped meals. But diabetics may also suffer low blood sugar if they take too

The rebounding blood sugar following undetecte...

The rebounding blood sugar following undetected diabetic hypoglycemia can easily become chronic when the high morning blood sugar data is misjudged to be due to insufficient nighttime insulin delivery. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

much diabetes medication (insulin or pills) or when they exercise in excess of their normal routine.

Diabetic Shock: Symptoms


Diabetic shock signs may vary from mild to moderate. Mild symptoms often include a shaky or weak feeling that comes on quickly out of nowhere. Sufferers may also experience a racing heart or a tingling feeling in their tongue or fingertips. Or, they may break out in a sweat.

More moderate symptoms may also cause neuroglycopenia. These symptoms largely affect the brain. Sufferers may feel anxious, moody or severely depressed for no discernible reason. Their personalities may change abruptly, or their moods may switch from one extreme to the next.

Neuroglycopenia may also cause confusion, slurred speech, forgetfulness or delirium. The sufferer may get a glassy look in their eyes or complain of blurred or double vision. In extreme cases, sufferers loose coordination or have trouble moving freely. In rare and very advanced cases, insulin shock sufferers may have difficulty breathing, may have seizures, slip into a diabetic coma or even die.

In most cases, the most severe symptoms of diabetic shock are easily avoidable. The key is for diabetics — and their friends and loved ones — to learn to identify the mild symptoms early on. The more quickly you identify and treat the symptoms of diabetic shock, the less severe the episode will be.

Diabetic Shock: Treatment


The first step to treating insulin shock is to test your blood sugar. The symptoms of insulin shock can also mimic those of other illnesses. If your blood sugar is below 70 or 80, it is time to start treatment.

Start by ingesting 15 to 20 grams of quick-acting carbohydrates. This could be 1/2 cup of juice or a cup of skim or 1 percent milk. Stay away from whole milk. It has too much fat to be optimally effective. In lieu of food, diabetics can take 15 to 20 grams of glucose tabs or glucose gel.

Once you administer quick-acting carbohydrates, wait 15 minutes. It will take at least that long for the carbohydrates to take effect. Take care not to ingest any more carbohydrates. Over medicating in this fashion can lead to high blood sugar spikes.

Once 15 minutes have passed, check your blood sugar again. If it has not returned to normal levels, take another 15 to 20 gram dose of carbohydrates and test again in another 15 minutes. If you still feel the symptoms of insulin shock, check your schedule. It may be time for a meal.

Diabetic shock can be a dangerous condition. However, with careful monitoring, it doesn’t have to be. Monitor your blood sugar, medicate regularly and you may be able to eliminate diabetic shock from your life.



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