Posts Tagged ‘Pancreas’

Diabetes Symptoms in Men

 

 

Formerly known as adult-onset diabetes or non-insulin dependant diabetes, type 2 diabetes is the most common form of this diseases, and affects between 90% and 95% of the estimated 13 million males who suffer from diabetes.

 

Individuals with type 1 diabetes do not produce insulin.  Those with type 2 diabetes do produce insulin, but the pancreas does not secrete enough of this chemical or their bodies are unable to recognize and utilize the insulin that is produced, in a condition known as insulin resistance.  Whether the diabetes symptoms in men are from insulin levels that are low or not being used properly, it is not possible for glucose, a form of sugar, to provide the energy needed to fuel the cells.  As a result, sugar levels in the blood increase but the cells do not function correctly.  The increased levels of glucose in the blood lead to various symptoms.

 

Who Is Affected?

 

Anyone can be affected by this disease.  However, those who are obese or overweight, women who suffered gestational diabetes while pregnant, individuals with a family history of the disease and individuals with metabolic syndrome, which includes several problems such as high overall cholesterol, low HDL levels, high triglycerides, high LDL levels and higher than normal blood pressure.  Additionally, the body becomes more susceptible to developing the disease as the body ages and becomes less tolerant of sugars.

 

What Causes this Condition?

 

While much more common than juvenile onset diabetes, this form, type 2 diabetes, is less well understood.  In all likelihood, multiple factors lead to the condition instead of a single problem.

 

Type II diabetes sometimes runs in families; however, research has not yet shown how it is inherited nor is there a single genetic factor known to cause the disease.

 

Diabetes Symptoms in MenDiabetes Symptoms in Men

Symptoms of individuals with this condition vary from one person to another but often include”

 

• Blurred vision.

• Increased thirst.

• Dry mouth.

• Fatigue

• Frequent urination.

• Increased hunger (often worse after meals).

• Nausea

• Occasionally vomiting.

• Frequent infections affecting the urinary tract or skin.

• Tingling or numbness of the feet or hands.

 

In rare instances, the individual is diagnosed with the condition after entering the medical facility after falling into a coma.

 

Diagnosis

 

When health professionals suspect this condition, they begin with a check for high blood sugar levels or other abnormalities in the blood.  They might also test for sugar or other markers in the urine.Diabetes Symptoms in Men

 

The doctor may use a casual plasma test or a fasting plasma glucose test to diagnose this diabetes

 

Diabetes Complications

 

When the condition is not well controlled it can lead to serious or even life threatening complications for the sufferer.  These sympyoms include:

 

• Retinopathy. This is an abnormality of the eyes related to the development of diabetes.  Even though an individual has no vision problems when initially found to have the condition, many develop problems related to the eyes over time.  To prevent progression of vision problems, one should take steps to control blood sugars, hypertension and cholesterol.  Fortunately, most people do not have significant vision loss.

• Kidney damage. The risk of developing kidney disease also increases over time.  This means the longer one has diabetes, the greater his or her risk for the disease.  Kidney damage can cause significant other serious illnesses, including kidney failure or heart disease.

• Nerve damage and poor blood circulation. The damage to one’s nerves and hardening of the individual’s arteries can decrease feeling and blood circulation to the feet.  This leads to greater risk of infections and ulcers which often heal poorly.  These ulcers raise the risk of the need for amputation.  Damaged nerves can also lead to problems with the digestive system, including vomiting, nausea or diarrhea that can also lead to more serious conditions.

 

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How the Blood Sugar Affects the Body

Diabetes mellitus is a type of condition that leads to the persistent elevation of the level of blood sugar. Increased sugar levels in the body can be very dangerous since it can lead to several health problems that are linked with diabetes. To learn more about the effects and causes of blood sugar elevation, read on.

 

Understanding Insulin Reactions and Diabetic Shock

 

Diabetic shock can also be considered as severe hypoglycemia. This problem is a serious health risk that is common in people with diabetes. This condition is also known as insulin reaction since it is a result of too much insulin in the body. Diabetic shock also occurs whenever there is an imbalance between the insulin level in the body and the amount of food the person eats. Aside from this, severe hypoglycemia can also happen without any warning. This is due to the fact that the symptoms of diabetic shock are very mild at first, which makes it difficult for the person to detect or notice.health event _diabetes-blood-sugar-test

 

Learning More about Diabetes and the Normal Blood Glucose Level in the Body

Nowadays, doctors would diagnosis prediabetes and diabetes based on the arbitrary cut off point of the normal level of blood sugar. The standard normal blood sugar level should be less than 100 mg/dL. However, this rate varies depending on the instrument used in getting the results. Some also consider 60 as the normal, while others use 90. Nevertheless, anything that is less than 100 mg/dL is recognized as normal if the person is fasting.

 

******************Low sugar level also varies depending on several factors. Normally, people’s blood sugar leve does not go below 60 mg/dL even if he or she is fasting. This is caused by the liver, which turns fat and muscle into sugar in order to compensate for the low glucose intake of the body. This makes it difficult to drop the sugar levels to the unsafe point without using any diabetes drug or experiencing any uncommon medical problems.

 

More Facts about Glucose Levels and Diabetes

Sugar levels that are higher than the normal rate can be considered an indication for diabetes or prediabetes. There are actually several ways in order to diagnose or determine diabetes. Here are some of the examples.

 

• Fasting Plasma Glucose Test — Diabetes can be identified using the Fasting Plasma Glucose Test. When the blood sugar level of a person is higher than 126 mg/dL even after fasting for 8 hours, the person may be considered diabetic.

Oral Glucose Tolerance Test — This method involves the provision of a special sugary drink to a person after 8 hours of fasting. If the person has a sugar level of more than 200 mg/dL after drinking the beverage, he or she can be considered Diabetes - insulin shotdiabetic.

• Random Blood Sugar Level — If the person experiences symptoms such as increased urination, weight loss, and thirst, with a blood sugar level or more than 200, he or she is said to be diabetic. However, random blood tests will require fasting sugar level or the oral tolerance test in order to confirm the results.

 

Information about Prediabetes

Diabetes is a very difficult condition to control. Because of this, proper management and diet is necessary in order to retain the blood sugar level within the normal range. There are also instances where in the blood glucose level of the person is above the normal rate, but the full blown symptoms are not manifested. This condition is commonly called as prediabetes.

 

According to the American Diabetes Association, there are more than 79 million Americans who are prediabetic. Prediabetic individuals are most likely 5 to 6 times at risk of developing diabetes in the near future. Aside from this, prediabetes can also increase the risk for cardiovascular disease. With the help of regular diet and exercise, it is easy to prevent prediabetes from turning to diabetes.

 

The Bad Effects of High Blood Sugar Levels

High sugar level in the body can be considered as a slow acting poison. In other words, the hazardous effects of diabetes to health are slow but continuous. Here are some common effects of hyperglycemia in the body.

 

• Hyperglycemia or high sugar levels can prevent the pancreas from making insulin. Whenever the pancreas over compensates for the high blood sugar level in the body, it can get damaged, which can affect the health of the person.

• High sugar levels can cause other diseases such as atherosclerosis. This type of problem is described as the hardening of the blood vessels.

Aside from the blood vessels in the body, high blood sugar can also affect other organs. Some of the complications that can be brought about by diabetes include the following:

 

• Stroke

• Heart Attack

• Erectile Dysfunction

• Immune system suppression and increased risk for infections

• Kidney problems and diseases

• Poor circulation of blood in the lower extremities

• Blindness or poor vision

• Neuropathy or nerve damage

• Poor wound healing that can lead to amputation

 

Keeping the blood sugar level normal is very helpful in preventing the complications of diabetes. It is important that the sugar level in the blood is within 70 to 130 mg/dL before meals and less than 180 mg/dL after eating.

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The Danger Of Diabetic Shock

One of the most important things diabetics must learn about their disease is the danger of diabetic shock. Sufferers of diabetes 1 and 2 know all-to-well the dangers of excess sugar, but dangerously low levels of blood sugar can affect diabetics just as profoundly. One of those profound effects of low blood sugar is diabetic or insulin shock. If left unrecognized or untreated, its symptoms are severe and may even lead to death.

Diabetic Shock: What Causes It?

Insulin shock is the direct result of low blood sugar levels (hypoglycemia) in diabetics — especially those who are receiving treatment with insulin or other diabetes medication. Low blood sugar for a diabetic is anything below 70 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) as red on a blood sugar meter. When blood sugar levels are this low, the body starts to show signs of distress.

In diabetics, there can be many reasons why their blood sugar may drop low enough to cause insulin shock. The most common cause of these blood sugar dips is skipped meals. But diabetics may also suffer low blood sugar if they take too

The rebounding blood sugar following undetecte...

The rebounding blood sugar following undetected diabetic hypoglycemia can easily become chronic when the high morning blood sugar data is misjudged to be due to insufficient nighttime insulin delivery. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

much diabetes medication (insulin or pills) or when they exercise in excess of their normal routine.

Diabetic Shock: Symptoms

 

Diabetic shock signs may vary from mild to moderate. Mild symptoms often include a shaky or weak feeling that comes on quickly out of nowhere. Sufferers may also experience a racing heart or a tingling feeling in their tongue or fingertips. Or, they may break out in a sweat.

More moderate symptoms may also cause neuroglycopenia. These symptoms largely affect the brain. Sufferers may feel anxious, moody or severely depressed for no discernible reason. Their personalities may change abruptly, or their moods may switch from one extreme to the next.

Neuroglycopenia may also cause confusion, slurred speech, forgetfulness or delirium. The sufferer may get a glassy look in their eyes or complain of blurred or double vision. In extreme cases, sufferers loose coordination or have trouble moving freely. In rare and very advanced cases, insulin shock sufferers may have difficulty breathing, may have seizures, slip into a diabetic coma or even die.

In most cases, the most severe symptoms of diabetic shock are easily avoidable. The key is for diabetics — and their friends and loved ones — to learn to identify the mild symptoms early on. The more quickly you identify and treat the symptoms of diabetic shock, the less severe the episode will be.

Diabetic Shock: Treatment

 

The first step to treating insulin shock is to test your blood sugar. The symptoms of insulin shock can also mimic those of other illnesses. If your blood sugar is below 70 or 80, it is time to start treatment.

Start by ingesting 15 to 20 grams of quick-acting carbohydrates. This could be 1/2 cup of juice or a cup of skim or 1 percent milk. Stay away from whole milk. It has too much fat to be optimally effective. In lieu of food, diabetics can take 15 to 20 grams of glucose tabs or glucose gel.

Once you administer quick-acting carbohydrates, wait 15 minutes. It will take at least that long for the carbohydrates to take effect. Take care not to ingest any more carbohydrates. Over medicating in this fashion can lead to high blood sugar spikes.

Once 15 minutes have passed, check your blood sugar again. If it has not returned to normal levels, take another 15 to 20 gram dose of carbohydrates and test again in another 15 minutes. If you still feel the symptoms of insulin shock, check your schedule. It may be time for a meal.

Diabetic shock can be a dangerous condition. However, with careful monitoring, it doesn’t have to be. Monitor your blood sugar, medicate regularly and you may be able to eliminate diabetic shock from your life.

 

 

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Can You Have Hypoglycemia Without Diabetes?

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A low blood sugar episode is frightening enough for most people to wonder if they can have hypoglycemia without diabetes. The short answer to that question is “yes”. Low blood sugar episodes can happen to anyone. But certain types of low blood sugar episodes may indicate that you do have diabetes or another significant medical condition.

Hypoglycemia Symptoms

Hypoglycemia is a condition where blood sugar levelsdrop below normal. During the day, a healthy person’s blood sugar fluctuates slightly depending on when their last period of exercise or last meal was. When your blood sugar dips slightly

hypoglycemia

hypoglycemia (Photo credit: Newbirth35)

you may feel hungry, grouchy, nauseous, or even nervous.

Hypoglycemia is a more severe drop in blood pressure. Medically, hypoglycemia is defined as a drop in blood sugar below 70. When your blood sugar levels drop this far, you may feel shaky, sweaty or unsteady on your feet. Your vision may blur and your heart may race. If your blood sugar dips low enough, you may pass out or have a seizure — even if you have low blood sugar without diabetes.

Hypoglycemia without Diabetes

Low blood sugar dips — even those low enough to be defined as hypoglycemia — can happen to normal healthy people who do not have diabetes. These low dips in blood sugar are called reactive hypoglycemia. The symptoms are the same, but the cause is more easily identifiable and in reaction to a state of being.

Meal skipping is a common cause for hypoglycemia without diabetes. As your body burns its sugar reserves, they continue to get lower if you don’t refuel with a meal or a snack. Go without eating for long enough, and your blood sugar will get low enough to cause a hypoglycemic episode.hypoglycemia without diabetes

Vigorous exercise — especially on an empty stomach — is another way to burn through your blood sugar reserves and cause non-diabetic postprandial hypoglycemia. Exercise hard and forget to eat afterward and your blood sugar may dip dangerously. As soon as your endorphin rush dies down, you may begin to feel poorly.

If you can find a cause for your hypoglycemia, then there’s very little cause to worry. A simple sugary snack or 1/2 cup of juice will make you feel better in a few minutes. However, if you cannot find a cause for your low blood sugar episode, there may be cause to worry.

Hypoglycemia Treatment

Hypoglycemia that occurs frequently is not a sign of good health and may be cause for concern. These severe drops in blood sugar may cause you to stop thinking clearly, shake or even pass out. Frequent drops in blood sugar are dangerous. They slowly wear away at the body’s organs and nerves and cause irreversible damage.

If you’re experiencing frequent drops in blood sugar, it is important to see your doctor. A physical examination will quickly pin point the problem. You may simply have hypoglycemia without diabetes. Or you may be able to identify a course of treatment or a hypoglycemia diet to stop scary blood pressure drops from happening so frequently.

Diabetes is not the only common cause of hypoglycemia. Frequent low blood sugar dips may indicate a problem with the liver, kidneys, pancreas or metabolism. Patients recovering from stomach surgery and those who frequently drink alcohol or take certain medications may also experience frequent blood sugar drops.

You can most certainly have hypoglycemia without diabetes. Healthy bodies run low on fuel at certain times. And while blood sugar drops can be worry, there’s usually no need for alarm.

But if you notice frequent hypoglycemic episodes that occur without periods of fasting or heavy exercise, it is best to see someone. A quick diagnosis and course of hypoglycemia treatment is the best way to avoid permanent damage. Or at the very least you’ll have the peace of mind of knowing you’re experiencing hypoglycemia without diabetes or any other significant health problems.

 

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