Posts Tagged ‘Prediabetes’

Pre Diabetes Symptoms

Often, people who suffer from pre diabetes have few noticeable diabetes symptoms

One of the few physical signs that suggest a person is at risk for diabetes are darkened skin affecting one’s knees, elbows, armpits, neck or knuckles.  This condition is known as acanthosis nigricans.

There are also some classic red flags for which one should be cautious including:Pre diabetes Symptom in Family


Blurred vision


Increased thirst

Frequent urination


When Should a Person See His Doctor?


Individuals concerned about diabetes or who notice any of the signs of type 2 diabetes or symptoms, including, blurred vision, fatigue, increased thirst or frequent urination should consult with their medical care provider.

Individuals should request the doctor provide blood glucose screening if they have any of the following risk factors for pre diabetes. 


Overweight, as measured by a BMI or 25 or greater

Over age 45

Family history of the disease

Hispanic, African American, American Indian, Pacific Islander or Asian American

Women who developed gestational diabetes or who birthed a baby weighing more than 9 lbs. (4.1Kg)

Women suffering polycystic ovary syndrome, as characterized by irregular menstruation, excess growth of body hair and obesity.

High bood pressure

HDL cholesterol levels below 35mg/dL and triglyceride level above 250 mg/dL

Regularly sleep less than 6 hours or more than 9 hours each night.




Doctors do not know the exact cause of pre diabetes; however, research has linked some genes to insulin resistance.  In addition, inactivity and excess fat, especially in the abdominal region, seem to be important risk factors.

Individuals with pre diabetes no longer process glucose, a sugar, properly anymore.  As a result, levels build up in the blood stream instead of providing fuel to the cells making up the muscles and other body tissue.

Most of the glucose in the body is from the foods one consumes, especially those containing carbohydrates.  Any food containing carbohydrates affects the blood sugar levels, so sweet foods are not the only problem.

As food is digested, glucose enters the bloodstream.  Insulin helps the cells of the body to absorb the glucose where it is used for energy.

Insulin, a hormone, is created by the pancreas, a gland located in the abdominal cavity behind the stomach.  When a person eats, the gland secretes insulin into the bloodstream.  As the blood circulates, insulin acts as a key, unlocking doors to allow sugar to pass through the cell walls.  Insulin reduces the amount of sugar in the bloodstream, and its secretion lowers as blood sugar levels drop.

In individuals with pre diabetes, the process no longer works properly.  The sugar begins to build up in the bloodstream.  The problem may be related to the pancreas creating less insulin or that the cells have become insulin resistant.  In some cases, it seems as if the locks have been changed to the cells.Diabetes Symptons In Women


Risk Factors Pre Diabetes


The following risk factors increase the chances of developing this disease:

Excess Body Weight:   The more fatty tissues one has the more resistant to insulin the cells become.

Inactivity:  Individuals who are inactive have a greater risk of pre diabetes.  Activity can help with weight control, use excess glucose and cause the cells to accept insulin.

Age:  As a person grows older, his or her risk of the disease grows higher, especially once reaching age 45.  This may be related to a lack of exercise, loss of muscle mass or weight gain.  However, the condition is also growing in younger age groups.

Family History:  pre diabetes is hereditary.  If a parent, sibling or others in the family history suffers type II diabetes, one’s risk is increased.

Race:  While the reason is unclear, individual of certain races, such as Hispanics, African Americans, Asian Americans, American Indians and Pacific Islanders have a greater chance of developing this condition.

Gestational:  Women who develop gestational diabetes have a higher risk of developing pre diabetes later in life.  In addition, the baby’s birth weight has been tied to the risk of the mom developing pre diabetes or diabetes later in life.

Polycystic ovary syndrome:  Women who suffer this syndrome, a condition that is often characterized by irregular periods, obesity and excess hair growth may be at an increased risk.

Sleep:  Sleeping too short a time or too long a time each night can increase one’s risk of developing insulin resistance.  According to doctors, patients should sleep between 6-9 hours for the lowest chances of developing either pre diabetes or type 2 diabetes


In addition, the following conditions are associated with diabetes:



Low levels of good cholesterol

High levels of triglycerides

If these three conditions occur together with obesity, they can result in resistance to insulin, known as metabolic syndrome.  If possible the individual should change his or her diet to lower body weight and reduce intake of unhealthy fats while increasing the healthy ones in order to lose weight and reduce risk factors.


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How the Blood Sugar Affects the Body

Diabetes mellitus is a type of condition that leads to the persistent elevation of the level of blood sugar. Increased sugar levels in the body can be very dangerous since it can lead to several health problems that are linked with diabetes. To learn more about the effects and causes of blood sugar elevation, read on.


Understanding Insulin Reactions and Diabetic Shock


Diabetic shock can also be considered as severe hypoglycemia. This problem is a serious health risk that is common in people with diabetes. This condition is also known as insulin reaction since it is a result of too much insulin in the body. Diabetic shock also occurs whenever there is an imbalance between the insulin level in the body and the amount of food the person eats. Aside from this, severe hypoglycemia can also happen without any warning. This is due to the fact that the symptoms of diabetic shock are very mild at first, which makes it difficult for the person to detect or event _diabetes-blood-sugar-test


Learning More about Diabetes and the Normal Blood Glucose Level in the Body

Nowadays, doctors would diagnosis prediabetes and diabetes based on the arbitrary cut off point of the normal level of blood sugar. The standard normal blood sugar level should be less than 100 mg/dL. However, this rate varies depending on the instrument used in getting the results. Some also consider 60 as the normal, while others use 90. Nevertheless, anything that is less than 100 mg/dL is recognized as normal if the person is fasting.


******************Low sugar level also varies depending on several factors. Normally, people’s blood sugar leve does not go below 60 mg/dL even if he or she is fasting. This is caused by the liver, which turns fat and muscle into sugar in order to compensate for the low glucose intake of the body. This makes it difficult to drop the sugar levels to the unsafe point without using any diabetes drug or experiencing any uncommon medical problems.


More Facts about Glucose Levels and Diabetes

Sugar levels that are higher than the normal rate can be considered an indication for diabetes or prediabetes. There are actually several ways in order to diagnose or determine diabetes. Here are some of the examples.


• Fasting Plasma Glucose Test — Diabetes can be identified using the Fasting Plasma Glucose Test. When the blood sugar level of a person is higher than 126 mg/dL even after fasting for 8 hours, the person may be considered diabetic.

Oral Glucose Tolerance Test — This method involves the provision of a special sugary drink to a person after 8 hours of fasting. If the person has a sugar level of more than 200 mg/dL after drinking the beverage, he or she can be considered Diabetes - insulin shotdiabetic.

• Random Blood Sugar Level — If the person experiences symptoms such as increased urination, weight loss, and thirst, with a blood sugar level or more than 200, he or she is said to be diabetic. However, random blood tests will require fasting sugar level or the oral tolerance test in order to confirm the results.


Information about Prediabetes

Diabetes is a very difficult condition to control. Because of this, proper management and diet is necessary in order to retain the blood sugar level within the normal range. There are also instances where in the blood glucose level of the person is above the normal rate, but the full blown symptoms are not manifested. This condition is commonly called as prediabetes.


According to the American Diabetes Association, there are more than 79 million Americans who are prediabetic. Prediabetic individuals are most likely 5 to 6 times at risk of developing diabetes in the near future. Aside from this, prediabetes can also increase the risk for cardiovascular disease. With the help of regular diet and exercise, it is easy to prevent prediabetes from turning to diabetes.


The Bad Effects of High Blood Sugar Levels

High sugar level in the body can be considered as a slow acting poison. In other words, the hazardous effects of diabetes to health are slow but continuous. Here are some common effects of hyperglycemia in the body.


• Hyperglycemia or high sugar levels can prevent the pancreas from making insulin. Whenever the pancreas over compensates for the high blood sugar level in the body, it can get damaged, which can affect the health of the person.

• High sugar levels can cause other diseases such as atherosclerosis. This type of problem is described as the hardening of the blood vessels.

Aside from the blood vessels in the body, high blood sugar can also affect other organs. Some of the complications that can be brought about by diabetes include the following:


• Stroke

• Heart Attack

• Erectile Dysfunction

• Immune system suppression and increased risk for infections

• Kidney problems and diseases

• Poor circulation of blood in the lower extremities

• Blindness or poor vision

• Neuropathy or nerve damage

• Poor wound healing that can lead to amputation


Keeping the blood sugar level normal is very helpful in preventing the complications of diabetes. It is important that the sugar level in the blood is within 70 to 130 mg/dL before meals and less than 180 mg/dL after eating.

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